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Among Non-Nobility Families
According to Ancestry.com, "Czarniecki" is a "variant of Czarnecki". "Czarnecki" is "Polish and Jewish (from Poland)[, and a] habitational name for someone from a place called Czarnca in Kielce voivodeship, or any of the various places called Czarnocin or Czarnia, all named with Polish czarny ‘black’." One such "czarny"-named place is the Czarna Hancza in Suwalki.
In fact, a Jewish Czernecki family from and with ancestral roots in the Suwałki region even tried to obscure their ties to the region by claiming relations to none other than the Czarniecki noble family. That Czernecki family happened to be none other than the Czernecki family of Lipsk, Poland (then a part of the Russian Empire) and, later, Northeastern Pennsylvania.
The family patriarch, Julian Jan Feliks Czernecki, was born to a Czernecki and a Daniłowiczówna. On his death certificate, his mother's name was given as "Katarzyna", which was probably an attempt to make his mother look related to Aleksandra Katarzyna Czarniecka, a daughter of Stefan Czarniecki. Conveniently, his wife was Alexandria Alice Andrulewicz (supposedly néeAleksjondria Alicja Andrulewiczówna, and a relation of Teddy Andrulewicz), who also gave her mother's name as "Katarzyna" (She gave the supposed names of her parents to her attendant, her daughter Alexandria Alice Czarnecki, at the time of her dying.). Incidentally, Alexandria was also a relation to his mother (to whom she was not talking at the time of her immigration and would not have otherwise listed as a relation, since she and Julian had become Anusim, and—unless "Alexandria Alice" was taken as a baptismal name—the name "Alexandria Alice" occurs in the Daniłowicz family—e.g., with Alexandra Alice Danilowicz (1888-1972) in Northumberland County—and the Czernecki family separately from the Andrulewiczes.).
The supposed given birth names of Julian and Aleksjondria are perhaps questionable, since both became Anusim during the pogroms and had their firstborn (and at the time, only) child baptized as "Antoni Jan". They themselves may have taken baptismal names. Both—or maybe just Alexandria—also gave both sets of their parents the names "Antoni" and "Katarzyna" in an attempt to obscure their Jewish identities (although Alexandria attempted to Americanize the given names in her case). Both even used several variants of "Czarnecki" or homophones thereof, ranging from "Zernetzky" (on his 1904 Ellis Island record, on which he listed himself as "Lithuanian") to "Czarniecki" (on, besides his death certificate, his naturalization papers—on which he also lied about his children's birthdates. For example, Alexandria was born on September 28, 1910 instead of June 11, 1910; and Stanisław was born on November 11, 1911 instead of November 26, 1910).
The Czernecki family changed their name to "Czarniecki" and, later, "Czarnecki" (despite their continual usages of variants and homophones) and attempted to remain and live as Anusim in Sugar Notch, Pennsylvania. They then passed down the legend that they were of szlachta descent and related to Stefan Czarniecki. One of Antoni Jan (later, Anthony John, Sr.)'s sons, John Czarnecki, would continue to pass down the legend. John later changed his story to something along the lines of "If we had any Jewish blood, I don't know about it." John, meanwhile, was one of the threeIRS Agents who served tax papers to Richard Nixon's via then-President Nixon's attorneys in 1973. He perhaps continued the Czernecki family legend to hide his Jewish identity from the likes of then-President Nixon, who was known for Anti Semitism. He also hid for years that he had served tax papers to now-deceased Former President Nixon, calling the information "sensitive" (although Former President Nixon died in 1994, and the "sensitive" label expired in 1990).