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Showing posts with label Levi'im. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Levi'im. Show all posts

Friday, April 11, 2014

"Julia Fosko Rusnak [Is] Jewish[?]"....

You think? That, chaver (o mishpacha) sheli, takes a no brainer (If this is Kevin, I know that you know that. Don't try to fool me.). By the way (and I have nothing to hide), this is going to (G-d willing) be on Wikipedia (and maybe Kevin will learn something here that I just figured out a while back. By the way, a handy tool is EasyBib.):

Surname Etymology and History[edit]

"Foczko" is an Ashkenazi Jewish Levitical surname that comes from the Polish and Hungarian words for "seal"[1][2]. Whether it was a Polish pun on Siegel is unclear.[3] Among its variants are "Focko", "Fosko", and possibly "Faczko"[4]. Conversely, among surnames that are confused for variants of it are "Fosco"[5][6], "Focsko"[7][8][9], and "Fecko" or "Feczko"[10]. Because of the confusion of "Focsko" for "Foczko", to note that "Focko" and "Foczko" stayed unchanged in both spelling and pronounciation in Poland and vicinity (e.g., Belarus), Slovakia (both when it was a part of Hungary and after it declared independence), and Hungary is important.
In Hebrew, the Foc(z)ko surname is "פוצקו" or "פוצכו" ("Fotzko").

Family History[edit]

There are two distinct branches. The first branch is from WarszawaLódż, and RadomPoland. The second branch is from cities such as GelnicaZlatá Idka, and KošiceSlovakia; and Diósgyőr and MiskolcHungary[11].
The second branch first appeared in Slovakia (then a part of Hungary) in 1720[12] and 1730[13] While this branch became Anusim and emigrated from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (and why they did so remains unclear), the first branch remained openly Jewish and within Poland and vicinity[14][15].
Notable descendants of the Foczko Family include the late Staff Sergeant Carl S. Rusnak of the United States Army Corps of Engineers[16], whose mother was Juia Fosko Rusnak (née Juliana Foczková)[17][18].

Religion[edit]

The religions of the Foczko Family range from Normative Judaism to Christianity, to "other religions".[19] Some of the descendants of the Anusi branches are even reluctant to identify as Ethnic Jews because of their religious affiliations and family history[20], notwihstanding the following:
"[T]he term anusim is applied not only to the forced converts themselves, but also to their descendants who clandestinely cherished their Jewish faith, attempting to observe at least vestiges of the *halakhah, and loyalty to their Jewish identity. Both the elements of compulsion and free will enter the psychological motivation of the forced convert. The concept denoted by the term anusim, therefore, is fluid, bordering on that applying to apostates and even to *Marranos; it has been the subject of much discussion."[21]



References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ The Polish word is "foczka", and the Hungarian word is "fóka".
  2. Jump up^ [1]PolishForums.com
  3. Jump up^ [2]"Seal"
  4. Jump up^ "Re: Surname "Faczko"" Message to [a descendant of Julia Fosko Rusnak (née Juliana Foczková)]. Mar.-Apr. 2016. E-mail. The email partially reads, "As I said earlier seems to me that the difference of one letter is quite normal. So "Faczko" would be a variant of "Foczko". But I'm not the specialist. When the surname is more difficult and not popular become the bigger opportunity of changing. All my grandfather's brother and sisters had different surname even thought all of them had the same parents."
  5. Jump up^ [3]Which comes from "Fusco".
  6. Jump up^ http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gl=ROOT_CATEGORY&rank=1&new=1&so=3&MSAV=0&msT=1&gss=ms_r_f-2_s&gsln=Fosko&msrpn1__ftp=Tennessee+Valley&msrpn__ftp=Kentucky&msypn__ftp=Italy&msypn=5118&msypn_PInfo=3-%7C0%7C1652381%7C0%7C5118%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C&uidh=ie4>The Tennessee and Kentucky "Fosko" Family were originally surnamed "Fusco" and from Italy.

  • Jump up^ Which would transliterate to "Fochko" and not "Fotsko" or "Fotsko"
  • Jump up^ [4]"Hungarian Pronunciation Guide"
  • Jump up^ [5]"The Slovak alphabet"
  • Jump up^ [6]Ancestry.com, "Fecko"
  • Jump up^ See, for example, https://familysearch.org/search/record/results?count=20&query=%2Bsurname%3AFoczko&other_year0=1700>"Search for "Foczko" (Exact)." FamilySearch. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 2014. Web. 8 Apr. 2014.
  • Jump up^ "Slovakia, Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1910," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KH8F-ZFX : accessed 09 Apr 2014), Matthias Foczko, 15 Sep 1720 Baptism; citing Gelnica, Gelnica, Slovakia, FHL microfilm 1739084.
  • Jump up^ "Slovakia, Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1910," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KZS8-KQV : accessed 09 Apr 2014), Georgius Focko, 22 Apr 1739 Baptism; citing Kojšov, Gelnica, Slovakia, FHL microfilm 1739455.
  • Jump up^ e.g., E. Foczko sold food in IwieniecWolozyn District (now in Belarus) up to the time of the Holocaust
  • Jump up^ Among victims of the Holocaust were Dawid, Hersz, and Mariem Focko, who were imprisoned in the Lodz Ghetto. Among survivors was Maria Focko of Lódž. See JewishGen.
  • Jump up^ [7]"CARL RUSNAK"
  • Jump up^ [8]"Julia Fosko Rusnak Death Certificate"
  • Jump up^ "Slovakia, Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1910," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KHD4-CBH : accessed 09 Apr 2014), Julianna Foczko, 09 Jan 1887 Baptism; citing Zlatá Idka, Moldava nad Bodvou, Slovakia, FHL microfilm 2010712.
  • Jump up^ Message to [a descendant of Julia Fosko Rusnak (née Juliana Foczková)]. Jan.-Feb. 2010. E-mail. The email partially reads, "As to our ‘Jewish roots’, I have talked to a number of people and there is only one situation of someone on the [Fosko-]Rusnak side of the family being Jewish and that is questionable. Please remember that Judaism is a religion and not a nationality and that in your extended family, you probably have scores of Christian denominations and sub-denominations represented as well as other religions."
  • Jump up^ See "Subject: Searching: FOSKO FOCKO FOCZKO" in the "JewishGen Discussion Group SigLists".
  • Jump up^ [9]"Anusim"


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    Update: I forgot to put the stats in (Stupid me, guys!)

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